NUMBER

Over the past 100 years, the number of the population has declined by 90 %, from one million at the beginning of the 20th century to a hundred thousand (the most optimistic estimate is 270 thousand, 2012). The species has long been listed in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature with the status of Endangered (“in a dangerous state with a high risk of extinction in nature”). It is protected in Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkmenistan. In Kazakhstan, the commercial hunting of seals is banned. In Russia, the Caspian seal is still a commercial species, the total allowable catch in 2017 is 6 thousand. This is despite the fact that 10-12 thousand animals annually die in poaching networks only in Dagestan. A maximum of ten years – and the end. Here is the forecast of specialists…

Photo: Evgeny Polonsky.

 

 

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