Kazakhstan has ratified 3 Protocols to the Tehran Convention

This autumn the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan ratified 3 Protocols to the Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea (the Tehran Convention): the Protocol on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (04.10.2021), the Protocol for the Conservation of Biological Diversity (23.10.2021) and the Protocol for the Protection of the Caspian Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities (01.11.2021).

That was a crucial step in consolidating the efforts of all five Caspian countries to preserve the biological diversity of the Caspian Sea and its ecosystem as a whole, and to implement effective and transparent procedures for assessing the impact on the environment.

Currently, the Contracting Parties to the Tehran Convention are negotiating the fifth Protocol on Monitoring, Assessment and Information Exchange.

Notes:

The Protocol Concerning Regional Preparedness, Response and Co-operation in Combating Oil Pollution Incidents (Aktau Protocol) was adopted and signed at the third Meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the Tehran Convention (COP 3) in Aktau, Kazakhstan, on August 12, 2011. It was the first Protocol ratified by all Caspian countries to enter into force on July 25, 2016.
Aktau Protocol text

The Protocol for the Protection of the Caspian Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities (Moscow Protocol) was adopted and signed at the fourth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 4) in Moscow, Russia, on December 12, 2012. It has been ratified by 3 Caspian countries: the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Republic of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. The protocol is expected to be ratified by the Russian Federation.
Moscow Protocol text

The Protocol for the Conservation of Biological Diversity (Ashgabat Protocol) was adopted at the fifth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 5) in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, on May 30, 2014. It has been ratified by 2 Caspian countries: the Republic of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.
Ashgabat Protocol text

The Protocol on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context was adopted and signed at the first Extraordinary Meeting of the Conference of the Parties in Moscow, Russia, on July 20, 2018. It has been ratified by 4 Caspian countries: the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation and Turkmenistan.
EIA Protocol text

Kazakhstan is currently the only Caspian state ratified all four Protocols.
The ratification status of Protocols is updated on the Tehran Convention website.

Source: the Tehran Convention.
Photo by N.R. Shumeyko: the Caspian Sea, Aktau, Kazakhstan.

 

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